When kids hear island, they might think of a tropical destination dotted with palm trees. But there are islands worldwide and they are made in different ways. In clear and age-appropriate language, this book will focus on plate tectonics and volcanism as two main ways in which islands are created.
Mountains seem like they have been in place forever, and it can be difficult for kids to imagine how mountains were built over millions of years by processes continuing today. To make a mountain range, the Earth s tectonic plates rub against or crash into each other. Kids will be interested to learn that something as seemingly steadfast as mountains can be built and eroded away.
Kids can t help but look and be amazed as a fire engine comes blaring down the street. There are several different types of fire trucks, each suited for different tasks. Kids will learn about the ladder truck, the pumper engine, and more. They will also learn about the equipment in the trucks that helps firefighters do their jobs to protect lives and property.
From an early age, kids are taught that police officers help protect everyone and keep cities and towns safe. The police car is an important tool in that job, but kids might not typically see the inside of one. In this book, kids will learn that a police car is stronger than a civilian car, and they will also learn about the tools inside the car, such as a radio and a computer, that help police officers do their work well.
Kids love to explore the strange worlds of caves and their fantastical formations. But how do these caverns come to exist? This book will explore the natural processes at work as acids gradually eat away limestone, hollowing out what eventually will become a cave from sheer rock.
Like any body of water on land, rivers start with a simple drop of rain. That raindrop might fall into an already existing pond or lake, or it could seep through the ground and come up elsewhere through a spring. A river begins as a trickle that flows downhill. As it flows further, a river becomes wider and deeper. Kids will enjoy tracing the journey of rain from a stream all the way to the sea.
Rescue helicopters can reach dangerous or remote places better than other vehicles, and they can perform rescue work over land or water. Kids will learn how a helicopter search-and-rescue mission works, including facts about the helicopter and descriptions of how the helicopter team works together to save someone in distress.
The Grand Canyon in Arizona is an amazing natural feature. It is so majestic and immense, yet it was carved simply: by water. Kids will be amazed to learn that, given enough time and enough flow, water can carve deeply into the Earth. This book will look at how water erodes stone, and how different stones wear away at different rates. The results are some of nature s most beautiful landforms.
Kids learn early that ambulances are important vehicles. They help save people who are in medical danger by bringing them to hospitals. This book will teach kids what they might not know about ambulances the rules of driving them, the skills of the paramedics, and the equipment in the back that helps save lives.
About 20,000 years ago, much of North America was covered by glaciers. As the glaciers receded, they scoured the landscape, leaving behind basins that filled with freshwater. Kids will learn about glaciation and how the basins filled. They ll be surprised to learn the Great Lakes, which were carved by glaciers, hold about twenty percent of the world s freshwater!
Fires just don't occur on land, but fire engines can't travel over the sea. Fire boats meet the need of fire protection on water, and kids will be interested to learn how they pump water directly from the sea in order to save vessels and prevent widespread damage. Kids will also learn that fire boats do more than put out fires; they can serve as rescue boats and ambulances.
A coast guard serves a nation s waters by providing assistance to boats and enforcing that nation s laws. In order to do these important tasks, coast guard boats are designed to be fast and maneuverable. Kids will get to know more about these boats special features, such as inflatable hulls, and learn about some boats special tasks, like breaking ice.
How can something as large and sturdy as a tree be made into something as small and pliable as paper? This book explains how trees as well as recycled paper can become new paper. Kids will be interested in the various machines and processes necessary to break down raw materials into something they use every day at school.